Part 61 vs. Part 141
Part 61 lays out the minimum requirements an applicant needs to meet in order to be recommended for a license. It shows the areas of training that need to be covered, which endorsements the applicant needs, which knowledge tests the applicant needs to pass, what specific flight operations the applicant needs to be proficient in and the minimum hours the applicant needs to have in order to apply for the FAA Check-Ride. What it does not provide is a layout of how these requirements should be attained, or in other words, a training curriculum that makes sense and is the most efficient. Part 61 leaves the designing of the course up to the Instructor who conducts the training and only enforces the minimum requirements the FAA Check-Airman looks for in the students’ logbook. Part 141 is different that way.
Part 141 is a certificate a school may apply for, which allows it to conduct training according to a thoroughly structured curriculum. The FAA reviews the curriculum and decides to approve it for the use of training or denies it. Since the syllabus designed by the school now becomes the Law in governing flight hours, it is a very structured and thought out binder, which lays out every flight lesson of the training in detail. The advantage to the student is that he is always informed on exactly what to expect and can always keep track of his progress. This makes training efficient.